All About Carpenter Bees and How to Control Wood Bees Without Killing Them
The warm sunshine, flowers blooming, buzzing of bees, spring is here indeed! However, the buzz of bees is not always a pleasant sound; especially it is coming from inside your house. Yes, wood boring bees are notorious for drilling holes in wooden furniture and damaging it. Read on to know all about them and the ways to get rid of carpenter bees infestation:
Identifying Carpenter Bees
Carpenter bees, also known as wood bees because of their diet and choice of habitat are large black bees that look very similar to bumble bees. These bees have a habit of drilling holes into the wood and building galleries to breed and rear their young ones. Carpenter bees are typically ½” to 1” with six legs, two sets of wings, a head, a thorax and an abdomen. Their fuzzy yellow bodies is often mistaken for a bumble bee, however, the resemblance ends there, for the carpenter bees have shiny hairless, black rear. Males also have two distinctive markings on their forehead.
Read here – Life Span of Different Types of Bees
Interesting Facts about Carpenter Bees
Carpenter bees are notorious creatures known for making holes in wood and damaging the wooden shakes, deck, outdoor furniture. The bees belong to the genus Xlyocopa and are generally very docile, shy creature until otherwise instigated. Listed below are some of the interesting facts about carpenter bees that will help you understand them better:
- Only female carpenter bees build the nest, they drill nickel sized holes in the furniture to rear their children
- Males put on the “tough guy” act and are often aggressive. However, they lack the stingers and hence incapable of causing real damage
- Carpenter bees hibernate during the long winter months. During spring, the male bees go around looking for food while females prepare the nesting ground
- Male bees die almost immediately after mating; even the female bees die after fertilizing the eggs and sealing the larvae.
- Carpenter bees do not live in colonies; they’re vagabonds who build individual nests to raise their young ones.
Signs of a Bee Infestation
With over 400 different types of bees in America alone, it becomes a difficult to identify exactly what you’re dealing with when an infestation happens. The fact that carpenter bees look a lot like your average bumble bee doesn’t make matters any easier. Check out these tell-tale signs that help you recognise a carpenter bee infestation.
- Carpenter bees and quite large and have hairless shiny black bodies. Males ave white stripes on their forehead while females have stingers
- The small nickel sized holes perfectly drilled into the wood is a sure sign of the bee infestation
- You can actually hear faint chewing sounds inside the wood.
- Wood shavings and sawdust in and around the furniture
- Mostly a male bee can be seen hovering outside the hole while the female is working inside.
The Difference between Carpenter Bees and Bumble Bees
The buzz of bees around springtime though pleasant to the ears can also bring bad news for the property owners. Honey bees, bumble bees, carpenter bees are some of the creatures that can infest your property and expand their breed. Now, blame it on the similar color or build, but bumble bees and carpenter bees are often mistaken for another. On closer observation you can notice the differences that separate the two types. While bumble bees have hairy abdomen a carpenter bee has a hairless and shiny rear. Also, carpenter bees are solitary unlike others that live in colonies. They nest in and around remote corners and crannies of the property, whereas bumblebees build their hives on the ground.
How to Getting Rid of Carpenter Bees
Carpenter bees are docile and very shy creatures that choose remote corners of the house, however when provoked the female bees can sting you really hard. Not to mention the damage they cause to anything wooden that lies around the property, from doors to window sills, ceilings and even floorboards, these bees are everywhere! Therefore, it is important that you take immediate action once you notice the subtle signs of an infestation discussed above. Mentioned below are some of the most effective solutions that you can apply.
Natural Remedies – How To Deter Wood Bees?
1. Almond Oil
Almond oil is a common household item that you can find in almost every kitchen. Very mild and eco-friendly, almond oil works wonderfully in driving out the bees naturally without killing them, a smart pest control remedy for homemakers. All you have to do is pour some drop of the oil inside the small holes and gaps on the wooden surface. Carpenter bees cannot tolerate the smell of almond oil and will hence try to get away from the area immediately. Use a flashlight to check for any signs of infestation after about 3-4 weeks. Repeat the process if the bees return.
2. Pyrethrum Spray
Pyrethrins are natural insecticides, they are organic compounds extracted from the chrysanthemum flowers. All you have to do is spray the solution in and around the nesting ground and wait for some time. The pyrethrum spray has a lot of toxins that disrupt the nerves and brain function of the bees ultimately killing them. The spray is absolutely safe to use and has no side-effects, its effect wears away after a week. You can also prepare a natural spray of garlic and white vinegar to spray around the holes once or twice.
Carpenter bees usually infest softwood as it is easier to drill holes in them. Cedar, douglas fir, pine, redwood, spruce and yew are all examples of softwood that is usually used for construction. By replacing the softwood with hardwood such as mahogany, maple, oak and teak, you can reduce the risk of an infestation considerably. This is because carpenter bees avoid hardwood due to its complex structure. Also, ensure that the wooden items around the property have a coat of paint or polish as treated lumber repels the bees away.
4. Excessive Noise
Killing the bees is always not the smartest option out there. For starters, it is cruel and secondly disposing off the dead bees is nasty business. You can easily repel/kill the bees without having to kill them. Bees or any insect for that matter have a weakness for loud noise, they have a low hearing range and therefore are agitated when you use ultrasonic sound waves to get rid of them. You can even play loud music or attach a speaker near the nesting ground of the wood bees to scare them away.
Chemical Solutions – How to Exterminate Wood Bees?
5. Carpenter Bee Baits
Bee baits comprise of techniques that lure the carpenter bees out of their holes out in the open. These baits are often used not for killing the bees but just to drive them out of their hiding place and out in the open. As carpenter bees are found in the cracks and crevices of the property, it is very difficult to fish them out manually. Using baits such as chemical solutions, hydrogen peroxide, boric acid or borax works well here.
Bee Extermination Solution
Using toxic or chemical bee extermination solutions is probably the last resort when all else fails to curb their population. Avoid wood treatment solutions though as the bees don’t eat wood and hence might not be affected by it. Gasoline, petrol, kerosene are some of the toxic chemicals that carpenter bees abhor and hence can be used for getting rid of them.
Carpenter bees don’t eat wood, they only drill holes through them to build their nests and lay eggs. They find it easier to make holes in unpolished or unpainted wooden objects such as doors, window sills, and railings. Painting the wooden outdoor surfaces is a great way to drive the carpenter bees away. The strong smell of paint repels all insects such as termites and bees to keep from destroying the quality and sturdiness of the wood. You can even use petrol or diesel to get rid of the pests.
7. Bee Barriers
Bee barriers are used for trapping the carpenter bees inside their holes. As the bees do not make hives outside and prefer drilling lanes inside woods for nesting, the barriers are an effective way to put a stop to their breeding. You can use wool, metal coverings, putty, chalk or cement to seal up the holes. Professional pest control services apply special chemicals as barriers that last longer and are far more effective than the simple everyday items.
Why are Carpenter Bees So Dangerous?
- Carpenter bees drill holes in the wood, damaging the furnishings, doors, and floorboards of the house
- The female bees have stingers and can hurt you if provoked
- Male bees, on the other hand, are far more aggressive although they cause no real damage
- The carpenter bees can also sting children and pets causing severe rashes and acute pain
- Swelling, itching, breathing problems, heart palpitations and other allergic reactions are the severe side-effects of a carpenter bee sting. In such a case consult a doctor immediately.
The Bottom Line
Pest infestation can be an absolute nightmare for any property owner, for they cause nothing but disease and destruction. Carpenter bees can cause immense destruction and loss to the property if left to themselves. Consider the size, scale, and severity of the infestation before resorting to any of the methods mentioned above.
Why leave carpenter bees breed in and around your living spaces? We’ve tried to cover information about these bees to demystify them, and brought to you some natural and chemical origin home remedies that you can use to make them flee.
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